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Odocoileus virginianus

Deer are highly-valued and many people enjoy observing them in the countryside; they are included in our pest guides simply because we provide a service to protect shrubbery and trees from damage caused by Deer grazing in suburban and residential areas.

Learn more about Shrub Protection and Deer Management.


  • Reddish-brown coat which turns to grey-brown through Fall and Winter.
  • White underside to its tail.
  • 60-90" in length including tail.
  • Males over 1 year old have antlers.


  • Mating occurs October to December.
  • Females give birth to 1-3 spotted fawns mid to late Spring. They lose their spots during the first Summer.
  • After mating, bucks shed their antlers and grow a larger set between January and April.
  • Life span is approx 10 years in the wild, 20 years in captivity.


  • Feeding – Variety of vegetation, shoots, leaves, cactus, grasses, acorns, fruit, corn.
  • Only male deer grow antlers, which are shed each year.
  • Location - Prefer open woodland, but often found on the fringes of urban areas and in farming country.

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