1-800-759-1942 Call us for a free quote Contact us

Pulex irritans


  • Fleas are black to brownish–black wingless insects.
  • Adult fleas are 1/32"-1/8" long.
  • They possess a long, fine proboscis which is used to pierce the skin of their host to feed on their blood.
  • They have a characteristic jumping movement.


  • A female flea will lay 4 to 8 eggs after each blood meal, and can usually lay several hundred eggs during her adult life.
  • The smooth, oval light–coloured eggs measuring around 0.5 mm long, are deposited on, but not firmly attached to, the body, bedding, or nest of the host.
  • The adult generally emerges in a week or two after completing a larval and pupal stage, but under unfavourable conditions, the pupal period may be as long as a year.


  • Fleas most often bite people around the legs and ankles, usually with 2 or 3 bites in a row. The bites are felt immediately and can be sore for as much as a week.
  • Since they move from one host species to another, they present a risk of transmitting disease.
  • Pulex irritans is also a vector of Yersinia pestis (plague).
  • Human fleas can also be found on animals such as dogs, rats, pigs, deer and foxes.

Biting Insect Control for Commercial Premises